Glossary:Total quality management or quality management

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Total quality management or quality management
Total quality management (TQM) is a management philosophy that involves the whole organisation (core, management and support processes) in taking responsibility and ensuring the quality of their products/services and processes by constantly seeking to improve the effectiveness of their processes at every stage. TQM should address most of the dimensions of the organisation using a holistic management approach to satisfy customer needs or requirements; the approach involves the stakeholders. The TQM concept emerged in the 1980s; total quality management (TQM), quality management (QM) or TQ (total quality) are the same concept, although some authors show some differentiation.